From a scientific point of view, the milk – it is nutritious liquid that is produced by the mammary glands of female mammals. Purpose of milk – feeding of cubs of animals and humans, who still can not digest other more complex chemical composition food. Currently, the production of milk was a major industrial sector.
Calories in milk
|cow’s milk||64 kcal||3,2 g||3,6 g||4,8 g|
|goat’s milk||68 kcal||3 g||4,2 g||4,5 g|
|sheep’s milk||110 kcal||6,5 g||7,7 g||4,8 g|
|Calories in milk 0,1%||31 kcal||2,0 g||0,1 g||4,8 g|
|Calories in milk 2,5%||52 kcal||2,8 g||2,5 g||4,7 g|
|Calories in milk 3,2%||59 kcal||2,9 g||3,2 g||4,7 g|
|condensed milk||320 kcal||7,2 g||8,5 g||56 g|
The types and use of milk
Depending on the geographic location of the various people were used historically different types of milk. For example, camels, buffalo, donkey, reindeer milk, mare milk and so on.
The most common type of animal in our territory is a cow. According to the chemical composition of a variety of cow’s milk is significantly superior to other common among people food. In cow’s milk were found about 50 micro-and macro. The main nutrients contained in cow’s milk are calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sulfur, potassium, chlorine. A fat and protein are the sources of energy for the body, as well as building materials for the cells.
Fat goat’s milk – not less than 4-5%. It contains albumin, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin C in large amounts. Goat’s milk is used in the diet, as well as for the production of baby milk.
There is a vegetable milk, which is the composition of a tropical tree sap – galaktodendrona. People call it the plant milk or cow-tree. Its juice actually resembles cow milk and not only in appearance, and in nutritional properties.
Condensed milk comes in two versions – with and without sugar. Adding sugar in condensed milk products gives the product a high nutritional value and taste. The presence of sugar at the same time increases the caloric moloka.Nezhirnoe condensed sweetened condensed milk is made from skim milk. A condensed milk with sugar produced by the processing of pasteurized whole milk.
Powdered milk is a soluble powder, which is obtained by drying and normalized pasteurized cow milk. In use milk powder diluted in warm water and used as a beverage. The process of making milk powder in the product retains all the beneficial properties of fresh milk.
Whole milk powder used as food, and non-fat product used for the manufacture of confectionery and food for cattle.