Create a diet for nursing mothers is not so difficult. But it must be borne in mind that all purged, who eats a woman, affect the composition of breast milk. That in turn has an impact on child health.
The process of becoming a lactation – a complex chemical phenomenon, which resulted in the formation of stands full of milk. However, the deficit of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals can lead to violations of the child’s development and growth.
Starting from three weeks to three months of life, the baby appear intestinal colic. If you follow a diet for nursing mothers, this time it will be easier to bear. Furthermore, the use of proper meals helps avoid allergic reactions.
Basic principles of nutrition for mothers
diet for nursing mothers is to comply with the basic rules of a healthy and balanced diet. Calorie daily diet should be 3000-3200 kcal. This will increase the nutritional value of breast milk, but it can affect the shape of a young mother.
Every day a nursing mother should eat 120-130 grams of protein, 6% of which should be of animal origin. The daily rate of carbohydrates is approximately 500 g, and fat – 100-110 g, 20% of which are of plant origin.
During the diet for nursing mothers need to consume enough vitamins and minerals. Vitamins are essential components of the biochemical processes in the body. A minerals affect the proper development of many internal functions of the kid.
For example, calcium and phosphorus ensure proper growth of bones and teeth and iron – normalization of the formation of blood cells. Iodine is responsible for the formation of the thyroid gland, which in turn affects the mental and physical development of the child.
Therefore, in the diet for nursing mothers should eat fresh vegetables, fruits and herbs. It is undesirable to choose fruits, vegetables and berries red, yellow and orange. These include radishes, strawberries, citrus fruits, tomatoes, and more.
Because the diet is highly recommended to exclude avocado, kiwi, pineapple, grapes, mushrooms and nuts. You can not eat radishes, seafood, chocolate, coffee, cocoa and honey. Products such as canned foods, convenience foods, mayonnaise, ketchup, smoked meats, sausages, sausages and similar products should also be removed from the diet.
During the diet for nursing mothers is strictly forbidden to consume alcoholic and soft drinks, kvass, and all foods containing dyes, flavors and preservatives. All products must be fresh and environmentally friendly.
The daily diet of lactating mothers should be based on the principles of fractional power. They include three main meals – it’s breakfast, lunch and dinner, as well as two small snacks. Such a diet would allow women not to overeat, and at the same time to produce enough breast milk.
Diet for breastfeeding mothers in the first month of baby’s life
Diet for breastfeeding mothers in the first month of baby’s life involves a fairly diverse list of used products. But many of them still remain banned. In the first week after birth are allowed to cook buckwheat, rice and maize porridge. Then you can gradually introduce millet, barley, barley and oat porridge cooked in milk (2.5% fat).
You can use any pasta, peppers, eggplant, turnips, squash, as well as small quantities of maize, beet, cabbage, greens and carrots. All vegetables must undergo thermal treatment.
During the diet for breastfeeding mothers in the first month of life should be given preference to meats, like veal, rabbit and beef. In small quantities allowed the use of milk.
The fish, eggs and nuts should be completely excluded from the diet. From fruit in baked form you can eat apples, pears and plums. It is also allowed to bring to the table prunes and dried pears or apples.
If a child manifests an allergic reaction, it should go to the hypoallergenic diet for nursing mothers. This completely excluded from the diet meat broths, sauerkraut, all fruits and vegetables red, yellow and orange.
It is forbidden to use radishes, radish, kvass, and all canned food allergies. In a limited number may be included in the diet of sour cream, bakery products, pasta of high-grade flour, sweets, sugar and salt.
During a hypoallergenic diet for nursing mothers are allowed to eat kefir and yogurt, buckwheat and rice porridge, vegetables and fruit with a green and white color. You can also cook vegetarian soups, lean meat in boiled and stewed, stewed fruit, fruit drinks and teas.
When the presence of allergic reactions to milk proteins in children who are on mixed feeding, baby food is replaced by hypoallergenic formula. Their composition is determined depending on the extent and severity of the allergy.
Any weight loss diet for nursing mothers are prohibited. All attempts to limit their diet will reduce the amount of milk. Therefore, the child will not be able to obtain the necessary for the normal development of nutrients.
But in the period of breast-feeding mothers can lose weight without diet restrictions. Female body fat permanently supports breast milk during lactation and hormonal changes occur that contribute to the transition from fat tissue into the milk. If you reduce the percentage of fat consumed mum diet can affect weight.
While this weight loss diet for nursing mothers should eat dairy products with low-fat, lean meat, low-fat cheeses and butters. And during the process of milk a woman can burn an additional 300-700 kcal. That is certainly a positive effect on her figure.