Apricot tree belongs to the family Rosaceae, subfamily plum. The fruits of the tree are fleshy, juicy and have a fibrous structure, big bone, almost smooth. It was first cultivated in China and Central Asia, and then the tree began to grow in Armenia, calling it the “Armenian plum”. Now, free apricots are grown in countries with a temperate climate and low humidity, because of excessive humidity do not like. Today we can see a variety of apricots in shape, taste, color and size. All of these parameters depend on the type of fruit itself and the conditions of their cultivation. Apricots can vary in sweetness and flavor intensity characteristic. This rate is also dependent on rainfall: the higher the humidity, the apricots become less fragrant and sugar. Also there are small level of calories in apricot..
Calories in apricot
|Apricot fresh||41 kcal||0,9 g||0,1 g||10,8 g|
|apricot juice||38 kcal||0,9 g||0,1 g||9 g|
|apricot jam||242 kcal||0,3 g||0 g||64 g|
|apricot jam||236 kcal||0 g||0 g||62 g|
|compote of apricots||85 kcal||0,5 g||0 g||21 g|
|apricot pits||440 kcal||14 g||27,7 g||56,3g|
|Dried apricots without stones (apricots)||215 kcal||5,2 g||0,3 g||51 g|
Useful properties of apricot
Apricots long familiar to us as a fragrant fruit has a unique flavor, rich in vitamin composition and unique healing properties. Apricot is able to quickly quench the hunger and thirst, to charge the body with energy, give courage, strength, and maintain the health of the person at a high level. Apricot is an indispensable fruit for diseases of the heart and blood vessels, it helps in case of anemia, because it contains a lot of iron and potassium.
Since the high-calorie apricots do not differ, they may also be used in dietary nutrition. There are so-called “apricot diet”, which allow you to fully cleanse the body of harmful substances.
The pulp of apricot contributes to enhanced digestion, gets rid of constipation. In some cases, instead of apricots appoint special syrups for colds and bronchitis, as a natural analgesic, expectorant and diluting agent in a dry cough. Especially apricots are useful for children, they enhance immunity, stimulate rapid growth and proper development of the child’s body.
However, the most important advantage of apricots is, above all, the content of a considerable number of beta-carotene. It is he who prevents the development of such terrible diseases as cancer, heart attack, stroke, etc. A daily intake of 300 grams of apricots will allow you to fully supply the body with the necessary amount of vitamin A.
Apricots are used not only in cooking and nutrition, but also in cosmetics. In the composition of cosmetic products are very often used apricot juice, apricot oil, apricot pulp, etc. They make excellent moisturizing and nourishing facial mask.
What is useful apricot pits?
Apart from the fruit is also possible to use cores from apricot pits. They are quite edible, and in most cases have a pleasant sweet taste, which is so popular with the children. Special varieties of apricots, which have increased the bone and a large sweet core, are used as substitutes for almonds. They contain many essential oils, which cause their characteristic almond flavor.
The kernels apricot kernels contain potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, iron, valuable vitamins – B15 and PP. There are varieties whose seed kernels have a bitter taste. This is due to a high content of substances of glycoside amygdalin, which is widely used in medicine.
Harm apricot and apricot kernel
Calories in apricot are small, but it does not allow the use of large quantities of fat people. Also apricots can not be used for people who suffer from diabetes, since they contain large amounts of sugar.
With the kernels of apricots, too, need to be extremely careful, because they are a large number of hydrocyanic acid (or peach oil). Accumulating in sufficient quantities in the body, it can cause poisoning, asphyxia human respiratory center, similar to the action of potassium cyanide. In this case, it is very difficult to save a person, so you need to be extremely cautious.